Portuguese taxes on cars

In this page: a brief introduction to portuguese vehicle taxes.
Updated: 21th July 2020.
Summary: there are two taxes, ISV, paid when a license plate is delivered and, IUC, paid annually for possessing a vehicle.

Tax principle and some history

In Portugal, cars - and other vehicles such as motorcycles, boats or airplanes - pay essentially two taxes.

One, called Imposto Sobre Veículos or ISV (Vehicle Tax), is paid only once when the vehicle gets a portuguese license plate.

The other, called Imposto Único de Circulação or IUC (Circulation Unique Tax), is paid yearly, for having a (circulation) license plate.

These taxes were implemented in July 2007, replacing "Imposto Automóvel" and "Imposto Municipal sobre Veículos", respectively.
Previously, the vehicle tax ratio was focused on acquisition rather than property.
With the 2007 vehicle tax reform, tax revenue was evenly distributed between property and acquisition, to spread the tax revenue influx, reducing severe impact from highs and lows in the automotive market.

In Portugal, there are no taxes when you buy an used car - you'll only pay the registration fee (about 55€/65€, online/offline).
There are no regional taxes too.

On a side note, when a car gets a license plate number, it gets it for life, meaning that one car (VIN) = one license plate (almost always) forever.
Generally speaking, Portugal doesn't have transit, temporary or personal license plates and as a rule of thumb you can't change your car's license plate number.
Car insurance is a separate process from getting a license plate, your car can have a license plate and, if kept outside public roads, doesn't have to have car insurance.

How ISV works

The ISV for common passenger cars is calculated considering two facts: engine cubic capacity (displacement) and CO2 emissions.
Both are declared by the manufacturer through a document called Certificate of Conformity or by the Department of Vehicles' (IMT or Instituto da Mobilidade e dos Transportes) Homologation.

The math goes like this:

(engine cc * tax per cc - fixed deductible amount)
+
(CO2 g/km * tax per g/km - fixed deductible amount)
.

There are several tax brackets for engine displacement and several tax brackets for CO2 emissions.
The purpose of these brackets is to charge significantly more tax if the vehicle has more cc or emits more CO2. The government official version is that ISV tries to tax the most polluting vehicles.

More about this: ISV tax rate tables (in portuguese).

There are several tax reductions for several types of vehicles or owners.
If you're moving to Portugal and you bring your car with you, you can be exempted from ISV.

Some vehicles' tax calculation doesn't consider CO2 emissions (goods/commercial vehicles, motorcycles).
Hybrid or plug-in cars have a discount, electric cars don't pay any ISV.
There is a 500€ surcharge for diesel vehicles that emit more than 0,002~0,001g/km of particles (meaning, all diesel cars without diesel particulate filter - DPF).
Other tax breaks include cabs and car rental companies. The state itself and several other private institutions or individuals (firefighters, solidarity associations, persons with disabilities, diplomatic or UE staff) don't pay any ISV on all or some vehicles.

More about this: ISV legislation (in portuguese).

ISV is owed for new and used vehicles. Used vehicles imported from an UE country benefit from an age discount, between 10% (up to 1 year) and 80% (more than 10 years), but only for the engine displacement tax component. Any imported used vehicle pays the CO2 tax component as if it was new - there's no age discount.
Used vehicles imported from any other country (Switzerland or the USA for example) don't get any age discount on ISV and also have to pay 23% VAT (IVA), on top of any other customs duty, which range from 0% to 10%.

More about this: ISV calculator (in portuguese).

In general, ISV lets us be one of the leading countries in low car CO2 emissions. In everyday life, we have an underpowered car fleet. Cars with between 1.0 (gasoline) and 1.6 liters (diesel) of engine displacement represent the major share of cars sold.
We pay something like 500€~1.500€ of ISV for gasoline vehicles and 2.000€~4.000€ for diesel vehicles. Contrary to what these numbers may suggest, we are a diesel nation - fuel tax (ISP) is heavier on gasoline than on diesel and, corporate tax laws give more tax deductions to diesel than to gasoline.

How IUC works

IUC, the yearly tax, is based on the same principles. More cc, more CO2, more tax to pay.
Yet, there is a major difference between two classes of vehicles. Those that were registered before July 2007, benefit from a very low tax, because IUC was implemented on that date.
Previous to IUC, average cars used to pay a yearly tax of just 10€~50€.
After IUC was implemented, this yearly tax was increased to an average of 100€~300€. The most polluting vehicles, diesel +2.500cm3 and +250g/km CO2 pay something like 1.000€ every year.
When buying or importing a car, consider those that have a low engine displacement and low CO2 emissions.

More about this: IUC tax rates tables (in portuguese).

IUC is payable up to the end of the month of the portuguese license plate.
Example: if a car gets its license plate on 8th March 2017, one must pay IUC until 31st March in any given year. Nonetheless, although IUC is due yearly, only its payment is distributed along the year, to avoid payment peaks or last minute rushes.

There is no longer a "tax paid stamp" that you need to stick in the car. The police and transit authorities don't have any legal grounds to require any proof that the tax was paid. If you pay or not, it's only a matter of business between you and Autoridade Tributária (Tax Authority). However, Autoridade Tributária can and will issue a mandate to apprehend any car that is past due on IUC (something that, to my knowledge, is very rare).

More about this: IUC FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) (in portuguese).

The tax is calculated considering the same figures of ISV calculation: engine cc and CO2 emissions. There are two tax tables, one for each figure. Then, there is a coefficient factor to penalize younger cars. From 2017 there is also a new additional surtax for cars with more than 180g/km of CO2 emissions.
Diesel cars also pay a surtax. This surtax was meant to be temporary but, until now, it prevails.

Goods or commercial vehicles pay accordingly to their gross weight.
Motorcycles pay accordingly to their engine displacement and age (CO2 isn't considered).

More about this: IUC calculator (in portuguese).

There are tax breaks for some persons (disabled) or entities (state vehicles, solidarity associations, etc.).

The IUC tax is due until one cancels the vehicle's license plate, meaning, it's a tax for the life of the car.

More about this: IUC legislation (in portuguese).

There is a common confusion among imported used cars regarding IUC. The tax is payable, as mentioned above, until the end of the license plate's month.
But, some years ago, because we were importing too many used cars from UE countries (Germany mainly), there were concerns that these vehicles didn't match the wanted vehicle profile that Portugal was supposed to have. Let's say it another way: we were importing too much junk. So, the government changed our license plates layout to add a yellow side strip that mentions the month and year of the first license plate of the car, be it portuguese or not.
So, today, we have a tax that's payable until the end of the portuguese license plate's month but, in the physical license plate, the one that you find in the car, you can have a completely different month.
Predictably, this measure didn't accomplish its objective and in 2020, when a new format of license plates was issued because the old one was running out (dashes were dropped and the letter/number combination was changed to AB 12 CD), the yellow side strip with the car's first registration date was also dropped. As it is allowed for already issued license plates to change to the new format, you can see in the streets old cars with a new license plate format but with the old letter/number combinations (12 AB 34 and 12 34 AB).

Moreover, you can have a 2005 car, that was imported in 2010, that will pay IUC as a portuguese 2010 car (the tax's higher), and not a 2005 car, because the IUC is payable according only to the portuguese license plate date if its first license plate (registration) isn't from an UE/EEA country.
The only place where you can check the date and origin of the first plate is in the DUA (Documento Único Automóvel - we have some affection for initials), the vehicle registration certificate.
So, if you bring a 2000 car from an UE/EEA country you'll be paying IUC accordingly to the first license plate date but, if you bring the same car from a non-UE/EEA country, such as the USA or Russia, you'll pay IUC as if it was new in Portugal.

Further reading

If you need any further information, please feel free to ask using the comment box below.
I'm not a native english speaker, if my english isn't quite there, please do correct me, I'll be grateful if you do.
If you want to translate this article to your native language, post your translation in the comment box bellow and I'll add a new page to this site with your translation - with credits to you.

18.12.2017. 14:20

FD em 06.11.2020. 09:25

@Rhys em 05.11.2020. 11:46

Please be aware that any UK import should be done until end of 2020, more information: Brexit - importing a vehicle from the UK to Portugal.

It's better if you calculate the cost by yourself, that way you can see if changes can happen when choosing different type of vehicles.

You can calculate taxes for these kind of vehicles here: light goods vehicles ISV calculator (choose "caixa aberta" that stands for flat bed or pick-up).

The only factors that are considered to calculate the tax are age and engine displacement.

The most inexpensive are pick-ups with up to 3 seats (with or without 4x4).
The most expensive are the ones with more than 3 seats and 4x4.

1. It can be imported to Portugal, but you'll have to change its headlights and any other components that aren't legal in Portugal (+75%~70% opacity tinted front windows for example).
2. If imported outside the EU, it will pay VAT (23%) and customs duty (0%~10%), rendering it economically nonviable (which is what will happen to UK imports beginning 2021).

Sorry but, I don't provide that kind of service, you should search for an "agência de documentação de automóvel".

Rhys em 05.11.2020. 11:46

Hello.
Are you able to give approximate costings for two x different ( but related ) vehicle importations into Portugal please ?
NB I am not ( at least at present ) intending to transfer permanent residence to Portugal, but remain resident in UK.

1) I already OWN a Toyota Hilux Surf, 3000 cc petrol . vintage 1996. Imported into UK personally direct from Japan in 2012 and all UK taxes paid of course. It cost approx $10,000 to purchase in Japan.
How much would the total taxes be to import this car into Portugal ? Indeed, can it be imported, ie can the headlights be switched for driving on the RHS ?
2) If instead of importing this car which I already own, I imported direct from Japan into Portugal, a Toyota Hilux Surf vintage 2010, costing $8,000, what would be the total , approximate, taxation etc costings for importation into Portugal and 1st Registration in Portugal ( the car having been DE registered in Japan prior to my purchase and shipping to Portugal ) ?

Actually, i have a third Q : is dealing with all the bureaucracy to achieve legal importation something which you, personally, do for a fee ? If so can you please provide direct contact details to discuss further ?

A propósito.........percebo portugues, se prefere responder nessa língua......

FD em 13.10.2020. 13:47

@Jose Araujo em 13.10.2020. 13:20

Já escrevi sobre esse assunto aqui: novidade ISV e IUC para 2021.

Jose Araujo em 13.10.2020. 13:20

Boa tarde,

Chegou-me esta notícia por intermédio de um amigo que recentemente veio viver para Portugal e a quem estou a ajudar a legalizar 2 carros para uso em Portugal.
https://www.portugalresident.com/unfair-isv-tax-on-imported-used-cars-to-be-scrapped-finally/

Têm mais alguma novidade?
A ser real, para avançar e sem "letras pequeninas" (no passado o Governo Português sempre que alterou o sistema, nunca foi para beneficiar o consumidor) finalmente resolve o problema das exorbitancias para legalizar alguns carros.

Tanto eu, com 2 (ou mais caso se possa vir a reaver valores gastos em carros já vendidos), como alguns amigos de outros países que já ajudei quando se mudaram para cá, teremos alguns milhares de €s para receber caso as regras mudem ... e o governo aceite retornar valores pagos ilegalmente. Se for como IUC, depois de reclamar valores logo durante o mês de Janeiro, ainda estou à espera ... sentado.

Obrigado pela vossa atenção e pelo bom trabalho com este website.

MARK BAO em 06.10.2020. 14:22

thanks for your great help sir! i finally understand it.

FD em 06.10.2020. 09:54

@MARK BAO em 05.10.2020. 16:35

Just a small remark: ISV isn't an import tax, it's a registration (license plate) tax.

Pure electric vehicles (BEV/EV) don't pay any ISV (one time tax) or IUC (yearly tax).
This doesn't apply to PHEV or any other kind of hybrid.

If you bring a Tesla to Portugal you'll pay 10% customs duty + 23% VAT (IVA) on top of its value.
Any of these taxes is calculated with all expenses included, meaning that you pay tax considering the good's value + shipping + insurance, etc.

If the value of the car is 10.000€ and it costs 1.000€ to ship it to Portugal, you'll pay:
Custom duty = (10000 car + 1000 shipping) * 0,1 custom duty = 1.100€ custom duty
VAT = (10000 car + 1000 shipping + 1100 custom duty) * 0,23 VAT = 2.783€ VAT (IVA)
Total tax = 1100 custom duty + 2783 VAT = 3.883€
Government mandatory fees to register it (includes inspection, license plate, vehicle registration, owner registration) = +/-250€
If you outsource the registration procedure (someone does everything for you) = 250€-500€

Please be aware that the tax authority (Autoridade Tributária) can correct the car's value if it considers that it is undervalued.

MARK BAO em 05.10.2020. 16:35

hello! for the EV such as TESLA there is no import TAX right? but i still need to pay 23% VAT + 10% duty tax?
if the car value for 10000 euro so i have to pay 3300 euro for the total amount of TAX?
thanks a lot!

MARK BAO em 03.10.2020. 03:03

thanks for your help!

FD em 02.10.2020. 09:11

@MARK BAO em 02.10.2020. 03:10

You may be exempt from any tax.
Please read: bring your car along with you to Portugal without paying taxes.

If you don't meet the criteria, you can calculate the tax due here: car tax calculator (you'll have to provide the vehicle's market value).

In a case of non-exemption I strongly advise you to not bring your car - the tax cost seldom justifies it.

MARK BAO em 02.10.2020. 03:10

hello!thank you for provide such great information.
i will move to Portugal in this December and i plan to take my car with me. i have some questions about the tax. my car is a 2017 made BMW X3 xDrive20d Auto,
Engine Size. 1995cc (2 litre) ,
CO2:168g/km.
and I’m from China (non-EU country)
could you please help me to calculate that how much tax i have to pay in Portugal ? and what is the base for the market value of the car how to calculate it?is base on the car sale invoice?
many thanks for the help!

FD em 30.09.2020. 11:20

@Stuart S em 30.09.2020. 10:28

If you import it until 31st December 2020, unless something changes meanwhile, it's considered an EU import.
More information about this: Brexit - importing a vehicle from the UK to Portugal.

If you buy it with 4.800km on the clock, you'll have to pay IVA (VAT) in Portugal, regardless of if you have paid it in the UK or not.
For this not to happen, you must buy it with at least 6 months of registration and 6.000km.
Please notice that these limits are established on the date you buy it, not the date you initialize its registration in Portugal (meaning = you can't drive to Portugal and complete the necessary 6.000km on the road).

UK VAT = 20%
Portugal VAT = 23%
Considering this fact only, you should pay VAT in the UK.

Nevertheless, if you choose to pay VAT in Portugal, the amount is calculated on top of the car's purchase value + taxes (ISV). So, you'll pay VAT on a tax.
Imagine that you'll be paying 10.000€ of ISV. If you choose to pay VAT in Portugal, you'll pay an extra 2.300€ of VAT.
I strongly advise you to pay VAT in the UK.

More information about this (in portuguese): VAT on the import of cars or motorcycles.

A final warning: don't delay the car's import - everything is behind schedules (because of COVID-19) and you may not be able to register it before the end of the year, thus paying a lot more taxes.

Stuart S em 30.09.2020. 10:28

Ola, bom dia,

I am contemplating importing a Range Rover from the UK. I have been onto the 'Portal das Finanças' and used the simulator, however, the situation seems more complex than the simulator allows for (VAT and Brexit) - I wondered if you can help?

I'm a UK Citizen and Portugues resident (> 3 years). The vehicle is a;
Range Rover Sport P400 Hybrid HSE
Electric/Petrol vehicle with a 3l engine
WLTP CO₂ Emissions of 237
1st Registered Feb 2020
4800km

The two things I'm trying to clarify (easiest first)

o If I purchase and bring the vehicle this year, is it an import from the EU of outside of the EU?

o The vehicle is VAT qualifying in the UK and the motor dealer will supply it with VAT paid or without VAT paid in the UK (I am a private individual not a business). If I elect to go for VAT paid in the then I guess, subject to the EU/Non EU question, the figures in the 'Portal das Finanças' are ok. If I go for the, no VAT paid in the UK option, Im not sure what the total costs of importation will be?

Cumprimentos Stuart.

FD em 29.09.2020. 16:36

@Adolf em 29.09.2020. 15:59

For a 200g/km CO2 figure it will cost you around 8000€.
The CO2 emissions are measured when, in the process necessary for its registration, the car's inspected at a "Centro de Inspecções" (UK's MOT test centre). So, this figure can be higher or lower, depending on the car's engine health (more fuel consumption = more CO2).

Adolf em 29.09.2020. 15:59

Actually, I don't know the CO2. Its a 1992-manufactured Mercedes 190E 1997cc petrol with catalytic converter. It seems back then there was no COC document issued, so the best I could do is estimate it from the mpg figures.....this leaves me at a figure of 200g/km but someone told me the tax people here have a look-up table they use for older cars, where the CO2 is not recorded on the registration papers. So, for my attempt to work out the tax I wrote down 200g/km and that's when I got to almost 20,000 euro of tax.....so I assume I am wrong somewhere.

FD em 25.09.2020. 15:56

@Adolf em 25.09.2020. 14:44

What's the car's CO2 emissions figure?

Adolf em 25.09.2020. 14:44

I am looking at importing a classic car, Mercedes 190E (1997cc) from the UK. Its lefthand drive so suitable for here. When I enter the simulator for taxes I am getting a very high figure, nearly 20,000 euro for a car that will cost me 4000 euro to buy. Am I doing something wrong? I live in Portugal now and cannot import it as a transfer of residence so I have to pay taxes. How much do you think I should pay with all costs included?

FD em 25.09.2020. 13:33

@Bouwe van der Plas em 25.09.2020. 03:00

Yes, that's correct.
But, it costs 2.300€ including all expenses (travel from Germany + tax + bureaucracy).
The ISV cost alone is 1039.03€ for a flat bed, non-4x4, 4 to 6 seats vehicle aged +10 years with a 4.000cm3 engine displacement.
The bureaucracy cost is around 200€.
Please be aware that these costs are for an EU import (Netherlands for example). If you import it from a third country, the USA for example, those costs are totally diferent.

Yes, a "truck"/"pick-up" (flat bed) is considered a commercial vehicle in Portugal.
The IUC is 32,52€ if its gross weight is less than 2.500kg.
You can check all the IUC tax brackets for commercial vehicles here: commercial vehicle IUC tax table.

The IUC due is independent of its owner classification as private or company.

Bouwe van der Plas em 25.09.2020. 03:00

Hello,
I want to import a Toyota Tundra pick-up from 2007 4x2 (4.0 V6).

Is it true that:
- The ISV is relatively low because it is a commercial vehicle which is more than 10 years old (caixa aberta 4-6 lugares)? According to the Simulador tool it costs about 2300 euros excluding the standard fee of 1250 euros

- The IUC is only about 32 euros per year, because it is a pick-up? And is this also applicable when the car is not registered to a company but just for private use?

Many Thanks,
Bouwe

FD em 07.09.2020. 21:30

@Peter em 07.09.2020. 21:21

Whether the car is used or not, the tax must be paid.
If you don't pay it when it's due, you'll have to pay a late fee of 88,25€ (minimum, it can be higher if you don't pay it after notified).

If you don't have access to "Portal das Finanças", you should send an email to your "Serviço de Finanças" asking for the payment reference: email list of all "Serviços de Finanças".

After receiving the payment reference, you should do a SEPA transfer (EU bank transfer) following these instructions: how to pay IUC from abroad.

Peter em 07.09.2020. 21:21

Very helpful website!
My parents have a car in Portugal but due to Coronavirus will not be able to travel back to Portugal before the IUC tax payment is due end of this month.
As the car will not be used until they visit next March is this a problem?
Can they pay the IUC when they next visit without a penalty or problem?
They have forgotten the password to the on-line payment system so can not pay on-line as they do not know how to reset the password.
Many thanks in advance for your help!

Gary em 02.09.2020. 15:54

You Sir are a gentleman!
Many Thanks
Gary

FD em 02.09.2020. 14:15

@Gary em 02.09.2020. 13:47

The COC eases the process but it isn't mandatory.
As long as the motorbike's documents provide enough data for registration in Portugal you don't need anything else.
If it doesn't, you'll need to provide some kind of official document that can attest its characteristics (catalog, user manual, etc.).
In the cases where the same model/version was sold in Portugal, there's already an unique homologation number ("número de homologação nacional") that will be used without need for anything else.

You don't need to know its CO2 emissions figure as that data isn't used for tax calculation, that rule only applies to passenger cars. Motorcycle's tax is calculated using only its displacement figure and age.

If it's imported from Peninsular Spain (not from the Canary Islands), you'll only pay about 13,34€ of ISV tax, so, don't worry about that. However, don't forget that the registration process is more expensive - expect something like 150€-300€.

Gary em 02.09.2020. 13:47

Hey, Thanks for taking the time to reply.
A friend has done the process from the UK without a CoC, I’d the because the authorities know the details about his bike? Being a scooter from Spain with an age of 1999, would I need a CoC before buying it to be abe to import it?
Im finding it hard to obtain the Co2 emissions for a scooter this age, is it allowed to ask you what the ball park ISV would be? Sorry to ask, but I’m terrified of making a costly mistake in importing a scooter from Spain. Thanks in advance.Gary

FD em 02.09.2020. 12:57

@Hedwig Vermeiren em 02.09.2020. 11:52

Yes, it's correct.

Read more about this: how to reclaim IUC paid in excess for imported vehicles.

Hedwig Vermeiren em 02.09.2020. 11:52

Good morning, I have a question: I imported my car from Belgium, I think in 2010. All these years I paid car tax, on average 230 Euros/year. Two years ago I sold my car.
The new owner called me a few days ago to say he only has to pay about 35 Euros of tax...And he suggested that I contact Financas to see if I paid too much all these years and if I can claim my money back...

Is this correct? If yes, what do I do to get my overpayment back?

Many thanks
Best regards
Ms Hedwig

FD em 02.09.2020. 09:22

@Gary em 01.09.2020. 20:23

No, there's no problem if the registration document isn't in your name as long as you have any other document that proves that you're the rightful owner (invoice, declaration of sale/purchase statement, etc.).

Gary em 01.09.2020. 21:00

* it’s a 200cc (198). The selling price is about £2000
Tks

Gary em 01.09.2020. 20:23

Hi,
Thanks for taking the time in writing the above, I wonder if you could clarify something?
I live in Madeira Portugal, I would like to import a Vespa scooter from Spain. The seller supplies scooters with original paperwork, an export certificate from the traffico department, plus a invoice in the buyers name. The registration document would not have my name on it, would that be a problem bringing the scooter in? The scooter will be over from 1984 and over 6000 kms. Tks Gary

FD em 31.08.2020. 12:04

@guido em 30.08.2020. 17:48

Cost: tax simulator.

You'll need a CO2 figure to simulate the tax.
If you don't have it (it's natural): how to know the CO2 emissions of a car.

How to register it in Portugal: how to legalize imported cars in Portugal.

You probably don't have the time or knowledge to go through this process without difficulties, consider contacting a specialized company to do this for you - search for an " agência de documentação automóvel".

Final words: that car might have high CO2 emissions, in these cases, the tax is very high (expect >15.000€). If I were you, I would buy an used car in Portugal.

guido em 30.08.2020. 17:48

Hi,

We own a property in Portugal through my company. We are not Portugese residents.
But we would like to have a car in Portugal because renting a car 3 months a year has a cost and I like to drive a nice car, not a rental car.
I want to bring over a 1985 Mercedes 280 SL and put it on Portuguese plates.
On my company or private, does not matter.
I can not find how to do that and what the cost would be.
Can anyone help ?

FD em 30.08.2020. 13:00

@RL em 30.08.2020. 10:58

You'll need to cancel its registration.
You can do this by using a procedure called "cancelamento de matrícula por exportação".
The entity responsible for this is the IMT: http://www.imt-ip.pt/sites/IMTT/Portugues/Paginas/IMTHome.aspx
You need to fill a form and deliver the car's portuguese documents ("Documento Único Automóvel" or "Certificado de Matrícula").

In principle, you can do it remotely, contact the IMT by email and ask them for instructions.
You can also try to contact the portuguese embassy/consulate in your country.

RL em 30.08.2020. 10:58

Hi

I have moved away from Portugal and took my car with me. Now it is registered to new country and has plates of new country. What should I do to unregister can from Portugal. Thank you for your help

FD em 19.08.2020. 12:06

@Austin em 19.08.2020. 09:36

Em princípio sim mas terá que fazer uma inspecção para poder voltar a ter matrícula (78,44€).

Austin em 19.08.2020. 09:36

Estou pensando em compra um carro, mas a matrícula é listada como cancelada. O carro foi parado por alguns anos.

é possivél restabelecer a matrícula?

FD em 17.08.2020. 16:16

@Vignesh em 17.08.2020. 15:11

Being an electric vehicle, you don't gain much from bringing it from Dubai as "portuguese" electric vehicles only pay VAT + duty tax.
Considering that you'll have to transport it and register it (registration process = ~300€), it will cost you almost the same as an used or new "portuguese" Tesla 3.

Nevertheless, if you really want to bring it with you, it will cost you:
10% duty tax + 23% VAT + registration (~300€)
This amount is calculated considering the vehicle's market value and it should include all expenses (transport + insurance, etc.).
Duty tax is calculated on top of the car's market value + transport + insurance + any other costs (except registration).
VAT is calculated on top of the car's market value + duty tax + transport + insurance + any other costs (except registration).

Imagine that your Model 3 has a market value of 40.000€.
Transport + insurance = 1.500€
Duty tax = (40000 + 1500) * 0,10 = 4.150€
VAT = (40000 + 1500 + 4150) * 0,23 = 10.499,5€
Registration (DIY) = 300€
Registration (by a specialized professional) = 300€ + 500€ (professional service cost)
Total cost = ~17.000€

If you can pay the loan before the 6 month period prior to moving to Portugal, I strongly advise you to do it, you'll only pay the registration fees - you'll save about 15.000€.
Or, you can simply sell it in Dubai and buy an used car in Portugal.

Vignesh em 17.08.2020. 15:12

Just a heads-up in terms of my previous comment -- I presently live in Dubai, so it'll classify as a non-EU vehicle.

Vignesh em 17.08.2020. 15:11

Hey guys,

I'm planning on moving to Portugal in Autumn 2021 as a student at NOVA (fingers crossed anyways) and I wanted to figure out transportation. The most viable option for me seems to be to import a Tesla Model 3 Performance, but I cannot bring it in tax-free because the loan will only be paid off after I complete 6 months in Lisbon. Does anyone have any idea what this will amount to VAT/Customs/Duties-wise? I don't think I'll have to pay ISV what I gleaned from the article. Thanks in advance!

FD em 16.08.2020. 16:13

@Lucinda em 16.08.2020. 13:47

1. No.
In that case, you can either apply Tabela A or Tabela B, choose the one that's best for you (less expensive).

2. Yes.
As long as it's considered an "autocaravana" (portuguese for motorhome), it's irrelevant if it's 4x4 or not.
A campervan can be considered an autocaravana as long as it has: a living space with seats and table, a sleeping space even if it is converted from any benchs/seats, kitchen equipment (sink and stove or similar) and a cabinet or fridge to keep food.
These vehicles pay 30% of Tabela B.

3. In theory, yes.
In real life, it can be a bureaucracy nightmare (homologation, public clerks that aren't used to or don't have knowledge about these exceptions, etc.).

4. Yes, check answer #2.
If you'd like to review the exact phrasing of the law:

e) autocaravanas, considerando-se como tais os automóveis construídos de modo a incluir um espaço residencial que contenha, pelo menos, bancos e mesa, espaço para dormir, que possa ser convertido a partir dos bancos, equipamento de cozinha e instalações para acondicionamento de víveres;

Source: Alínea e) do Artigo 2.º do Código do ISV.

Lucinda em 16.08.2020. 13:47

Firstly, many thanks for providing this great resource!

Please can you confirm whether the following is correct?

1. If I import a VW Transporter van with all-wheel drive (4x4), it will be subject to ISV as per Table A whether it is a mixed use e.g. Kombi or purely cargo because it is 4x4.
2. If I import a VW California Ocean campervan with all-wheel-drive (4x4), it will be subject to ISV per Table B.
3. It is possible to import a van with 4x4 and ask for the ISV to be suspended whilst the van is converted into a campervan so that Table B applies.
4. To qualify as a 'motorhome' a campervan must have sleeping, kitchen and seating area.

Sorry for all the questions but it's a very confusing area! Thank you so much for any help.

Best wishes,
Lucinda

MarkD em 10.08.2020. 07:50

Thank you very much for all your help - much appreciated.
Fantastic detail, patience and knowledge.

Mark

FD em 07.08.2020. 11:34

@Mark D em 06.08.2020. 18:52

There's a vehicle full tax exemption (one per person) when you move to Portugal.

Yet, you say that you have a residence certificate, is it a NHR?
If it is, there's some doubt if you're entitled to this exemption, depending on how much time you spend in Portugal and where your habitual residence is.
You should clarify this by talking to the "Alfândega" (portuguese customs) or your Embassy. It's a specific situation that isn't clearly contemplated in the law and in which I don't have the necessary experience to help you (it's a rare case).

Market value: the average price of a given same spec vehicle (age, body, engine, fuel, etc.) for sale.
You can get this value by asking for it to an used car valuation service (Eurotax for example) or by asking an appraisal to a car dealership (not for them to buy it but for them to sell it).
If you want something a little more simple, just collect the prices of similar cars for sale at the moment in any swiss classifieds platform and calculate the average. You should provide prints of these (or the URL) to portuguese customs. Then, the portuguese customs will verify the authenticity of these claims and accept it or ask for more proof (appraisals, etc.).

Mark D em 06.08.2020. 18:52

Apologies for more questions.
I am also considering retiring here early next year and relocate from Switzerland. I currently have Portugal residence certificate but have not changed fiscal address. Does that change anything regarding my car tax situation?
Anyway if not I still may change plates here as the Nissan has I much higher spec than the ones you kindly pointed me towards on the website. (thanks for the link) it was a special Swiss edition that was fully loaded etc - I have not see this spec in Portugal.
When I contacted the Swiss garage that sold me the car new they said they would give me €12,000 to buy back the car (typical garage!) However it does raise the point who determines market value ? What would my taxes be if the value was €12,000 .

Appreciate your help and patience with my questions
Thanks

Mark

FD em 06.08.2020. 11:55

@MarkD em 06.08.2020. 10:59

As I've said, it isn't financially wise to import it, you'll be paying 12.233,87€ in taxes (plus transport and at least 200€ for registration procedures) if I value it at 18.000€ (more if I value it at 22.000€).

This is the tax due for your situation, there are no exceptions or benefits in your case.

For your reference, you can buy today a similar car - unless yours is a 4x4, a feature that in most cases you don't really need in Portugal, as there's almost no snow - (with a portuguese license plate) for about 20.500€ (with warranty from a trusted seller) without any bureaucracy or stress: https://www.standvirtual.com/anuncio/nissan-qashqai-qashqai-1-6-dci-tekna-premium-ID8ORB4U.html

MarkD em 06.08.2020. 10:59

Thanks rot response - very much appreciated.If I may please pick your expertise again with some follow up

The car details are Nissan Qashqai 1.6L Diesal. Bought new in Switzerland for €41,000 Oct 2016.
Engine side 1598cc CO2 emissions 122 g/km.

I quite like the car as it has low mileage 22,000 km Amd been fully serviced - it’s like new.

How do I assess current market value in Switzerland - tha can vary quite a lot depending on What market portal you use . But I think value is somewhere around 18,000 - 22,000 euro

I did contact a local company that say they manage this matriculation process and they think I just have to pay isv? What’s your thoughts on that - am I entitled to any exceptions.

Do you also provide that service - I would be happy to pay you for more advice and in addition get you to handle the process. I can provide my contact details if required.

Thanks again - very pleased with your professionalism and knowledge.
Mark

FD em 06.08.2020. 10:52

@Wolfgang em 06.08.2020. 08:04

To my knowledge, if you're going to apply for the residence move exemption, you don't have to worry about VAT and the 6.000km rule.
This rule only applies to intracommunity acquisitions.
Well, in your case, you didn't acquire anything - you'll move your residency from one country to another, bringing with you your possessions (including your car), thus, in my opinion, there's no VAT to be paid.

Because it's a rare case (sometimes I may oversee something in uncommon cases, such as these that imply several national and international laws), I ask you to please confirm this information with the portuguese "Alfândega" or your Embassy.

As for the deadline to initialize the legalization process, you have 20 work days to initiate it after the car lands in portuguese territory.
The 12 months deadline applies when you move to Portugal and don't bring your car in that moment.
So:
- if you move and bring your car at the same time, you have 20 work days
- if you move and don't bring your car, you have 12 months to bring your car after you move, once the car arrives you have 20 work days

FD em 06.08.2020. 10:18

@Mark D. em 05.08.2020. 22:02

You don't provide any data about the car so that I can confirm that the ISV calculation is correct.

VAT and customs duty are calculated accordingly to the car's present value (as an used car), not its value as new.

You can use the ISV simulator to calculate the correct total amount (all taxes) as long as you provide the car's current swiss market value.
In the field "Idade e origem do carro" choose the last option "Qualquer idade país não UE", then, fill the "Preço carro" field. That'll give you the full price to legalize it in Portugal.

As a rule of thumb, importing an used swiss car to Portugal is a big no-no - it will cost you more than to buy the exact same car in Portugal.

Wolfgang em 06.08.2020. 08:04

Hello, I'm moving from Germany to Madeira in December 2020, I bought a new car in December 2019, the car is now over 6 Months old but has only 2,500 km. This mean that I will need to pay VAT again if I don't reach the 6000km. My question is: I'm planing to bring the car in a container with German plates, drive the car in Madeira 2 or 3 months until it reaches the 6000km. Then register the car in Portugal so I will not need to pay the VAT again. Would this be possible? I will also request ISV exception because I'm stablishing my permanent residence in Madeira, do I have to initiate this process as soon as the car arrives in Portugal? I read there is a 20 day deadline, and a 12 months deadline. I'm not sure how it works. Thanks a lot!

Mark D. em 05.08.2020. 22:02

I would like to import a diesel car I bought, from new, in Switzerland 4 years ago in 2016.
Cost of car new was €41,000 (vat included). I still live and work and pay taxes in Switzerland but have second home in Portugal. My understanding from your site is that taxes would be as below:

1.Using ISV simulator approx €5000
2.Customs duty 10% of current value €1500- €2000
3.Vat 23% - is this on value of the car when it was first purchased? therefore €9430

So in total approx €16,000.

Is this number directionally correct ?

Thank you for taking time to answer, much appreciated.

FD em 01.08.2020. 16:11

@Luke em 31.07.2020. 04:05

No.

Luke em 31.07.2020. 04:05

Hello, If I qualify and I apply for the ISV exemption, because I'm moving to Portugal, will I still have to pay the 500€ surcharge for diesel vehicles that emit more than 0,001g/km of particles?

NG em 28.06.2020. 13:59

"Car racism" Hahahahaha... ;-)))))
I'll tell that to the buyer if I sell the car in the future ;-)

Thanks for clarifying that. This website in invaluable!
Cheers! NG

FD em 27.06.2020. 16:43

@NG em 27.06.2020. 06:48

Thanks for your compliments, they're appreciated. :)

Tax values wise, being it from 2014 or 2021, it's indifferent - it pays exactly the same.
If it was from 2004, there would be a big difference, but not from 2014.

In Portugal, unlike many other european countries, you get ONE license plate for ONE vehicle and that pair is for life. So, when you sell a car, the car doesn't get a new license plate - it keeps it (for the car's life). Even if you cancel a license plate, the number/letter configuration is still saved for that car for a period of up to 5 years.

The "nacional/importado" issue is, how should I put it, "car racism".
As simple as that.

Being a "nacional", you can check almost everything about it - the check-up history, the MOT/ITV (UK/Spain) history (IPO, aka "inspecção periódica" in Portugal), you suppose that it was used in mediterranean weather conditions (no rust), you suppose its km odometer wasn't manipulated, etc.

Where as being an "importado", you can't check anything - being foreign, it's an anonymous vehicle of which you can't "know" its history.
As if the portuguese don't manipulate the odometer (they DO!), as if the portuguese roads are immaculate unlike a foreign road, as if the portuguese maintain their cars in pristine conditions where as the other europeans don't... you see where I'm getting right?

The "importados" have a "car stigma" that's been difficult to cease to exist, because the first ones (which were indeed bad cars some 30 years ago) gave the "fame" to all the others... today is non-sense but somehow it still prevails because of some "bad actors" (sellers that buy "bad condition" cars abroad and sell them "like new" here - which also happens to "nacionais" but... whatever).

Hence, it's usual that some people have preference for "nacionais" and don't even consider "importados", thus reflecting their (inferior) market value.

As long as the car was first registered in an UE+EEE country (like Spain), there's absolutely no difference/discrimination about the IUC.
Yet, you can find some old cars that pay the "new" (more expensive) IUC because they were first registered in a non-EU+EEE country, like Switzerland, which is a prime destination for (some) portuguese immigrants.

NG em 27.06.2020. 06:48

Very impressed with the quality information on this website! At first I thought it was a government website, with so much information and also in English and keeping in mind the difficulties for foreigners. There’s obviously a lot of questions in this complicated field and you seem like a good source of answers. An (ex) civil servant or Agencia consultant in the field I presume? Anyway, congratulations on this great work!

After having done a lot of research, I still have a question I can’t seem to find the answer to...
I’ll be moving to Portugal and importing my car from Spain early next year. After reading all the necessary requirements, I’m fairly confident I can be exempt from the ISV as the car has been in my name for over 8 months.

But reading the last part of your article, suddenly raises another question: What if I want to sell the car in a couple of years? (I understand you can not sell it in the first year)
I understand that the ISV will not be a problem BUT the IUC will be calculated on 2021 value instead of the 2014 date of first matriculation. And as I understand that may be a lot higher?

Is that why, when you look at cars for sale in Portugal (on standvirtual for example) many ads mention “Origem: Nacional or Importado”? Is this all about the IUC?
Is there such a big difference in price? (I understand the buyer will have to pay the same IUC every year?)

(I believe in Spain the IUC is based on the horsepower of the car, regardless if it’s from 2000 or 2020)

Thank you and keep up the good work!

B&EH em 12.06.2020. 12:45

Thank you for your help and the useful information on your website.

FD em 12.06.2020. 10:33

@B&EH em 11.06.2020. 16:45

Sorry, I don't do any services of the sort.
You should search for an "agência de documentação automóvel".

B&EH em 11.06.2020. 16:45

Hi

This website is the most understandable information I have yet found about matriculating an EU vehicle. This gives me the confidence to ask you if you can arrange a matriculation for us? If you can, please let me know. Covid19 has made things a little more complicated but I am sure you can help.
Thanks & regards
BH

FD em 06.05.2020. 13:26

@Emanuel de Castro em 05.05.2020. 19:49

Because your question was more complete in the other page, I'll answer it there.

Emanuel de Castro em 05.05.2020. 19:49

I am South African but born of Portuguese parents here. So I have dual nationality (both SA and Portuguese passports and ID's). I intend to permanently emigrate to Portugal. My challenge is that I have small classic car collection consisting of:

1. 1958 Autobianchi Bianchina (479cc)
2. 1958 MGA (1600cc)
3. 1966 Jaguar E-type (4200cc)
4. 1968 MGC (3000cc)

My concern is that taking these with me to Portugal could not be economically viable from a local registration and import duties perspective. It would be sad to sell these in South Africa as I have lovingly restored each of these to concourse standard over the years.

Could you advise what sort of costs I'm looking at if I decided to import all of them? I'm hoping there are sufficient concessions for classic cars that may make this viable.

Many thanks for your help

Emanuel de Castro

TC em 16.04.2020. 15:26

Muito Obrigada!
We were told by friends it would be taken at the end of the month before so for road tax due in April it would be taken in March. So we were worried!
I set it up directly in the Financas office and I gave a copy of the document so hopefully it is in order.
Thanks again.

FD em 16.04.2020. 10:52

@TC em 15.04.2020. 23:14

The money is only taken in the last days of the month.
Be sure that it is all set up correctly.

TC em 15.04.2020. 23:14

Thank you for excellent information.
I wish to ask one question. I bought a new car in April 2019, it was taxed on 05.04.19.
In January I set up payment by direct debit with my local Financas Office because I am not back in Portugal until June (hopefully)
The money has not been taken from my bank account yet. Should I be worried ? Thanks again

FD em 28.02.2020. 11:27

@Brian em 27.02.2020. 20:36

Unfortunately your message was cut and I don't know if you were asking something.
Could you repeat it?

Brian em 27.02.2020. 20:36

Hi,

This was the most useful explanation I’ve read in a year, thanks! I used Lisbob as an intermediary to ACP (eu não falo português muito bem) and the import process tax free was... distressing. Even ACP aren’t familiar with the UK (before Brexit) import process. From now, the UK imports are as a third country, even in the transition period. So no more tax free imports!

What I could never figure out is what the tax on my 2006 3.0L BMW would be. I was betting high, but as it’s pre-2007 and from an EU country (as of the official import date), it looks to be low. Like many things in Portugal, luck (and having the right paperwork) is

Jacq em 13.02.2020. 11:06

Thanks!

FD em 13.02.2020. 10:34

@Jacq em 13.02.2020. 06:29

Please read: isenção por mudança de residência - condições e procedimentos.

Jacq em 13.02.2020. 06:29

We are a British and US national planning a retirement move to Portugal. For the last 9 years, we have resided in Germany under a US Status of Forces agreement. We have a car and two motorcycles - All EU spec with COC papers. Because of our residency status, the vehicles had to be registered under the US Military system, but with German license plates - so they are NOT registered in the German EU system. The vehicles have been owned by us for more than 12 months.
I have no idea where to start with the paperwork to bring these vehicles with us.

FD em 30.01.2020. 10:47

@Tony C. em 30.01.2020. 10:04

In that case you're filling field 56 incorrectly.
Try changing it and you'll see that fields 68, etc. are enabled and disabled accordingly.

Tony C. em 30.01.2020. 10:04

@FD

Thank you for your response. The car was imported from within the EU.

FD em 29.01.2020. 12:26

@Tony C. em 29.01.2020. 11:06

When you're importing a vehicle from a country that doesn't belong to the EU, you need a "DAU", which is something like a "declaration of entry in the EU territory", where you declare that you're importing a certain good - in this case, a vehicle.

You can fill this (DAU) declaration using the "Portal Aduaneiro" but in a different platform - STADA Import, here: https://aduaneiro.portaldasfinancas.gov.pt/jsp/externalApp.jsp?body=/external/stadaimp/jsp/declaration/data/Declaration.htm&session_oper=clear_app&oper=0110

After submitting this declaration you'll get an unique id number - that's the DAU id.
You must then fill the DAV fields 68, 69, 69a and 70 with the required information.
Fields 69 and 69a are for that unique id number of the DAU.

If you find it cumbersome or difficult, it might be a good idea to go to the local "Alfândega" to get some help or hire a "despachante aduaneiro" (portuguese term for customs broker).

Good luck. :)

Tony C. em 29.01.2020. 11:06

Olá,

Estou com dificuldades para concluir o processo DAV. Recebo esta mensagem de erro ao tentar validar:

R5668001: Dados da DAU não estão preenchidos

As outras mensagens de erro tinham referências específicas aos números dos vários campos, mas este não. Quaisquer ideias serão apreciadas!

Obrigado.


Hello,

I am having difficulty completing the DAV process. I receive this error message when attempting to validate:

R5668001: Dados da DAU não estão preenchidos

The other error messages had specific references to the numbers of the various fields, but this one does not. Any insights would be appreciated!

Thank you.

FD em 18.01.2020. 20:18

@John em 18.01.2020. 12:49

If you move to Portugal you can be totally exempt from any tax when bringing your car.
More information about this: testimony - bring your car along with you to Portugal without paying ISV and isenção por mudança de residência - condições e procedimentos.

John em 18.01.2020. 12:49

Hi, if I'm not a resident of EU,I decided to move to Portugal with my Ford fiesta 2012 (just for personal using), how much it will cost for me (+-)? I heard about some tax exemptions if you don't sell your car during 3 years. Obrigado

FD em 15.01.2020. 15:41

@Ace em 15.01.2020. 14:43

To my knowledge there are no restrictions to what type of vehicle is covered by this exemption but, I could be wrong.
Have you tried asking another "despachante"?

Ace em 15.01.2020. 14:43

Thanks for your response. I was hoping to be able to import my motorhome to PT under the exemption of changing residence (no ISV to be paid if you are changing residence and meet certain criteria). My motorhome is a 8000kg commercial truck that I converted and re-registered as a motorhome with the DVLA (UK vehicle authorities). I have been talking to an importation agent in Portugal and I have now been told that the change of residence ISV exemption is only applicable to personal cars and that I would not be able to claim this exemption with my motorhome as it is a truck that has been converted and would be viewed as commercial, even though it has been converted! Is this correct??!! Thanks again!

noud em 12.01.2020. 06:35

what about this article in an online paper : https://www.theportugalnews.com/news/tax-on-cars-imported-prior-to-july-2007-to-be-refunded/52605

What does this mean and what do I do about it, where and when ???

FD em 11.01.2020. 16:11

@Ace em 10.01.2020. 22:07

If it's legalized as a "goods" vehicle, yes, if not, no.

Meaning: if it's a goods vehicle transformed to a motorhome, you could legalize it as a goods vehicle and hence don't pay ISV.
If it's a motorhome at its genesis, there's no exemption.
Think about "campervans" and you get the idea.

As for the IUC, you pay it whether it's a goods vehicle or a motorhome, accordingly to the same criteria: gross weight.

Ace em 10.01.2020. 22:07

Hi,

I read on one of the comments here that if you have a motorhome that is over 3500kg then it is ISV exempt. Is this still the case for 2020? Is it also still the case that the IUC classification comes under goods vehicle? Where can I read more about this?

Many thanks!

FD em 31.12.2019. 09:33

@Graham em 31.12.2019. 00:58

You weren't totally clear with your message so, I think it's important to state that you don't have to pay any taxes only if you move to Portugal.
If you bring your car to Madeira but you keep residing in the UK you'll have to pay tax (ISV).

If you move to Portugal, there's no issue with Brexit, you're still tax exempt - this exemption is applicable to anyone from anywhere in the world.
If you don't move to Portugal and you want to bring your car, you should do it before Brexit, afterwards it will be very expensive.

Graham em 31.12.2019. 00:58

I bought a new left hand drive car in June 2019 and registered it at my home address in the U.K. I now plan to permanently reregister it in Portugal (Madeira) where I own a holiday apartment. I understand I do not require to pay any Portuguese tax when importing the car for my own use. However, am I required to arrange for it to be shipped there and the registration process initiated before Brexit looms on 31st January 2020? In addition, due to work commitments in the U.K., I may not be able to get the car there and start the reregistration process before end of January 2020! So, if I miss key end of January 2020 date, can I still retain the nil tax currently in place by registering it in Portugal over the next 12 months (before the end of the one year Brexit transition period).
Thank you for your advice on this.

FD em 26.12.2019. 12:35

@Chris Thomas em 25.12.2019. 22:55

You wrote that you own an "autocaravan" that you will trade in for a "van".
When you write "van" are you simply abbreviating its name, meaning, are you still referring to an "autocaravan"?

The autocaravan ISV fiscal category is "mass/gross" weight independent, meaning that you will pay ISV whatever its weight is - the tax is based on its purpose (recreational/living vehicle) and engine displacement only.

On the other side, the van/LCV (light commercial vehicles) ISV fiscal category can be in certain cases "mass/gross" weight dependent.

If you can clarify this I can help a little better.

Chris Thomas em 25.12.2019. 22:55

- Regarding driving 4250kgs motor caravans in Portugal I found this explanation:

https://www.cas-autocaravanismo.com/kunena/autocaravanismo-nacional/433-permissao-de-conduzir-autocaravanas-ate-4250-kg-com-carta-de-ligeiros

- If I changed my current van for a smaller one in Germany then returned with the replacement to Portugal I would not be able to do a tax-free import as I would not have owned the vehicle for six months in in the UK.

FD em 23.12.2019. 11:46

@Chris Thomas em 21.12.2019. 20:24

I don't know about your country of origin legislation but, in Portugal, category B driving license only lets you drive vehicles up to 3.500kg.

As for the van, you don't have to worry about anything if you're going to apply to the eligible tax exemption by moving your residency to Portugal.

Chris Thomas em 21.12.2019. 20:24

I'm buying a house in Portugal and intend to apply for residency some time in 2020. I own a 6.5 tonne autocaravan that I planned to matriculate (see 25/9/19 below) but problems getting a PT category C1 license and other considerations have made me think about changing it for something smaller.

I thought I might drive it to Germany still on UK plates and trade it in there against a van between 3,501kgs and 4250kgs. I. e heavy enough to avoid ISV and therefore cheap to import but light enough to drive on a category B license. I'd drive it back from Germany to Portugal on German export plates and on return start applying for residency and matriculation.

Does my plan sound practical? If so are there any rules about the age or kms of the replacement van I need to consider?

Thanks!

Chris

FD em 19.11.2019. 19:45

@Ilonka em 18.11.2019. 21:04

So that you don't have to pay IUC, you'll need to cancel the license plate - you don't have to deregister it.
In Portugal, you can do this at the IMT office (http://www.imt-ip.pt/sites/IMTT/Portugues/Paginas/IMTHome.aspx).

Abroad there are three ways to cancel the license plate:
- cancel it at the portuguese embassy
- send by registered mail (with acknowledgment of receipt) the form "Modelo 9" + all the required documentation and a 10€ portuguese cheque (more information here: http://www.imt-ip.pt/sites/IMTT/Portugues/Veiculos/CancelamentoMatricula/Codigoestrada/Paginas/CodigodaEstrada.aspx)
- if you're headed to an EU+EEA country or any other country that exchanges information with the portuguese license registry (IMT), just register your vehicle in that country and that country's registry authority will inform the portuguese IMT, leading to the cancellation of the portuguese license plate

I suggest you to go to the nearest IMT office and inquiry if you can't cancel the license plate right now with effects in a near future so that you don't have any hassles when away with the before mentioned procedures.

Ilonka em 18.11.2019. 21:04

Hi,

thank you for all the information you presented, very usefull. We own a Portuguese car and will move with that car further up north by the end of this year. As we will not come back we want to deregister the car from abroad. The only thing we really need to cancel (I believe) is the road tax, as that just keeps going. Does anyone know how we can cancel this while being abroad? We have no plans using the car abroad for a long period.

Really appreciate all the information. Thank you!

FD em 13.11.2019. 18:37

@João Borges em 13.11.2019. 11:20

Agradeço a sua correcção. :)

João Borges em 13.11.2019. 11:20

Permita-me corrigir dois lapsos de escrita, na versão inglesa.

No capítulo "How ISV works", a palavra "dedutible" está incorrecta, pois deverá ter um C, no meio, devendo escrever-se "deductible", em que o C é pronunciado. Usando a transcrição fonética: [dɪˈdʌktɪbl]; e a transliteração para português (didâctâbâl).

Um pouco mais abaixo, lê-se "If you`re moving to Portugal and you bring your car with you, you can be EXEMPT from ISV.", onde deveria ler-se "If you`re moving to Portugal and you bring your car with you, you can be EXEMPTED from ISV.", pois que se aplica o particípio passado do verbo - exemptED.

Cumprimentos.

FD em 05.11.2019. 12:09

@KenCa em 05.11.2019. 11:44

If you still have the car, and if it was originally from an UE country, don't sell it.
Starting 2020 you'll pay a much lower IUC.

More information about this: descida do IUC nos importados usados em 2020.

I'm in the process of reviewing information given about IUC and the article above will be updated accordingly.

KenCa em 05.11.2019. 11:44

From life experience, do not, i repeat do n-o-t legalize any imported car in Portugal. Newer cars tend to be cheaper to legalize and the IUC also seems affordable (at the very borderline), but believe me, it won't.

The simulation here is very accurate.

Each year the IUC for your car will rise, this I can guarantee you. I legalized a Mercedes-Benz e290(Diesel,2999cm3) from 1998 in 2007/2008.
The legalization did cost over €8000 and the IUC started with roughly €430. Now I'm paying almost €650!

The idea of selling a legalized car here, is completely out of the question, because nobody is willing to waste money on a foreign car. People here cannot afford such expenses.

You'd be better of exporting the car back to the land where it came from.
It's cheaper to legalize back again and it's easier to sell it afterwards. It sure is a hassle, but you'd be much likely better off doing so. You will even make profit selling the car if it has a low mileage rate.


It's a ripoff. I hope that the Portuguese government gets heavily penalized for exploitation and for breaking the EU law. Don't expect compensation.

https://www.theportugalnews.com/news/portugal-used-car-tax-illegal-eu-court-of-justice/38634
https://www.lisbob.net/en/blog/isv-tax-portugal-illegal

You'd be better of buying a second-hand a low mileage in Portugal. Willing to spend an unnecessary amount of money for new car is also another choice.

FD em 23.10.2019. 13:44

@Anders Bengs em 23.10.2019. 12:12

I wouldn't recommend it but, yes, to my knowledge, you can.

More information about this (in portuguese): http://www.imt-ip.pt/sites/IMTT/Portugues/Veiculos/Aprovacoes/Transformacoes/Paginas/Transformacoes.aspx

Anders Bengs em 23.10.2019. 12:12

Thank you for the answer. We are interested in a Portuguese used weichle, 2018, that has 9 seats, 3+3+3. It can be bought also as a 6 seater so the sales person said we need to bring it to inspection with at least 6 seats in place but I doubt that. At least in my homeland you need to bring all registered seats with you to the inspection. He also said that we can not change registration to less seats.

We would like to register it with less seats. Then we can put into plase a modular camping interior that we can take out for inspection. There are alternativs to buy where you reuse the middle 2-row 2-seater in the camping set up.

Anyway, my main question is, can you change a relatively new car, with removable serats, from a nine seater to something less, relatively easy.

FD em 23.10.2019. 11:35

@Anders Bengs em 23.10.2019. 08:35

You're talking about a foreign vehicle, right?
That modification should be done outside Portugal, so that the vehicle's documentation matches the vehicle in real life.
You can't legalize a 3 seater when the vehicle's documents state that it has 9 seats.

If you're talking about a portuguese vehicle, yes, you can do that as much as you can legalize it straight away as an "autocaravana".
It's just a matter of paperwork and some work done on the vehicle, there are specialists in that kind of transformations.
Use google.pt or olx.pt and search for "legalização autocaravanas".
Please be aware that it is expensive and tiresome, check out this testimony: https://worldonmyway.com/transformacao-da-carrinha-11-a-legalizacao/

Anders Bengs em 23.10.2019. 08:35

Hi,
Exellent info. I am considering buying a passanger van with 9 seats. I would like to take out most seats and put in a camping interior. Is it possible to change registration to only 3 seater and then take out the camping interior at inspection. I guess to register as a auto caravana is difficult. Thanks, Anders

FD em 23.09.2019. 18:17

@Jen WIlson em 23.09.2019. 00:50

You don't provide the details of your car (engine displacement, CO2 emissions, etc.) so, I can't tell if your figures are correct or not.

If you're moving to Portugal, you can be exempt from all taxes regarding your car.
Are you?
If you are, please read this: testimony - bring your car along with you to Portugal without paying ISV.
If not, you have to pay all the said taxes.

Jen WIlson em 23.09.2019. 00:50

I have bought my Audi Avante A4 Diesel Estate to Portugal and spent the last week driving to the Algarve where I m now looking for property to buy
I had no idea importing the car would be such an issue
Having looked on your site it would seem it might cost me 8800 to import it and pay IUC on it, and then 1000 per year for IUC
THis is Loads of money and i feel I could buy a motorhome here for that much!
Im starting to become really concerned also as I read I have to register within 10 working days if I intend importing the vehicle
Please can you help
At the moment, I feel like turning around and driving it back to the UK!

FD em 13.08.2019. 11:18

@andrew Miners em 12.08.2019. 18:51

The inspector doesn't change anything.
He just compares what the "papers" say with the vehicle he inspects.
If the vehicle isn't in conformity to what the vehicle's documentation states, he has to report it, meaning that the vehicle won't be approved for circulation.

I say this without seeing the vehicle's transformation - I don't know if it's something negligible and easily overlooked.

If this happens (the inspector reproves it because it's an "autocaravana"), you'll have to apply to an "homologação individual" - that's when the headaches start, you don't want this, I can tell you. You'll have to comply to all legislation and the IMT will have to check your vehicle and see if there's anything that isn't allowed.
It's something that is possible but it can be tiresome.

All the tax values you mention are correct.

As to the "Código do ISV", both classifications are described.

Another suggestion: get detailed photos of the van, get a copy of its documentation and explain your situation at an inspection centre, maybe they can help you, even if you have to pay for a "virtual" inspection.
My most honest advice: strip the van from all "recreational vehicle" clues, subject it to the inspection and then reassemble everything again (you didn't read it here an I'll be deleting this a few days from now).

andrew Miners em 12.08.2019. 18:51

Thanks for your reply.

So currently it is a Heavy goods vehicle classification, but if I understand you correctly after inspection the inspector may decide that it needs to be changed to "autocaravana" as it is being used for a motorhome. When you say that I would be have "problems" I assume you just mean that they could change the classification and then it would be liable for ISV?

from the Simulador ISV Autocaravanas 2019 as the vehicle has a cylinder of 3,972 cm3/cc and is more than 10 years old then the ISV would "only" be: €2,053.71. Does that seem right?

As 6,600kg GW from the Tabela IUC, i get a IUC value of €128,65 per year. Which is very reasonable.

You mention: "As to the fiscal classification, that's more complicated to say, you have to check the vehicle's documentation and cross-exam the several fiscal categories.
You can find the fiscal categories in the law: Código ISV - but it's rather complicated to understand them for a non knowledgeable person."

What are you referring to here? The ISV classification HGV or autocaravana?

Thanks for your help, Andrew

FD em 10.08.2019. 16:33

@John em 10.08.2019. 12:32

Yes, you're correct. Electric cars are ISV exempt, wherever they're imported from.
Will you be buying the car or is it already yours?

In a normal circumstance you should be exempt from norwegian VAT (bought from a professional and with deductible VAT) but, as it is an electric vehicle there's already no VAT applied - that's one of the reasons why Norway is leading the electric trend worldwide.

As to portuguese VAT is concerned, you'll always have to pay it, whether you own it for 6 months or not.

Depending on the origin of the car, the customs duty varies between 0% and 10%.
In a short sentence, you should pay a customs duty similar to what a vehicle pays when imported to the EU.
If the vehicle is manufactured in the EU, the customs duty is 0%.
If the vehicle is manufactured elsewhere, it will pay whatever that country pays when imported to the EU.
If it's a Tesla (USA), you'll pay 10%, if it's a south korean car, you'll be paying 0%, if it's japanese you'll be paying 8,8%, etc.

To benefit from these preferable duties you'll have to possess a certificate of origin of the car. If you can't provide a certificate of origin, the customs duty is always 10%.

You can find more information here (in portuguese): importar um automóvel eléctrico para Portugal.

John em 10.08.2019. 12:32

Hi, I would like to bring an electric car from Norway to Portugal. Norway is not in the EU and I will not have owned the car for 6 months.

Since the car is fully electric, I believe ISV will not be payable, but I am liable for VAT at 23%, and customs duties too?

Thanks,
John

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